Neuro Linguistic Programming
defines NLP as "an attitude and a methodology which leaves behind
a trail of techniques" whereas Grinder defines NLP as "the study
of excellence and how to reproduce it"Peter Labouchere
is predicated on the idea that our subjective reality drives beliefs,
perceptions and behaviors, and that therefore behavior change, transforming
beliefs, and treatment of traumas is possible."
Central to NLP is an understanding of peoples' subjective experiences and how they can be utilised in the process of change
NLP is a model rather
then a theory and it is the study of subjective experience.
Bandler was trained by Fritz Perls, a well known psychiatrist and psychotherapist who was responsible for gestalt therapy and by Virginia Satir a psychotherapist who specialsed in family therapy.
Bandler was asked to be editor for one of Fritz Perls books and was responsible for transcribing Perls' work from tapes. Working with the tapes allowed Bandler to explicitly model Perls and the key components of this theraputic process.
Bandler led Gestalt therapy workshops while studying at the University of California and worked with John Grinder who was assistant professor of linguistics to refine his model.
Combining Bandler's understanding of Fritz Perl and Grinder;s work on Transformational Grammer they published the Structure of Magic, Volume 1 (1975).
They both worked with anthropologist, Gregory Bateson who introduced them to Milton Erickson a psychiatrist who specialised in medical hypnosis and family therapy. Erickson had been the founding president of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis and responsible for the term 'brief therapy'.
Erickson allowed Bandler and Grinder to deeply analyse and model him whilst utilising his techniques when working with clients. Out of this modelling they developed the 'Milton method' utilising artfully vague language patterns.
After modelling these
key figures and defining their various cognitive behavioral patterns Bandler
and Grinder utilised their work as the basis of the methodology that became
known as Neuro Linguistic Programming.
In 1975 Bandler set up Meta Publications and produced Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson Volume I (1975) and went on to author with Grinder ,The Structure of Magic Volume II (1976), Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson Volume II (1977) and co-authored with Virginia Satir,Changing With Families (1976).
Richard Bandler was author of Submodalities, Design Human Engineering, Magic in Action, Using Your Brain for a Change, Time for a Change and Persuasion Engineering
Peers of Grinder and Bandler also contributed to NLP including Stephen Gilligan, Robert Dilts, Leslie Cameron-Bandler, Judith DeLozier and David Gordon.
Other NLP practitioners and trainers adopted and utilised the co-founders work. Anthony Robbins developed Neuro Associative Conditioning . Michael Hall's NLP based Neurosemantics and Tad James' developer of Time Line TherapyTM. Connirae and Stephen Andreas became NLP's newest celebrities
During the 1980s John Grinder developed New Code NLP and was co-author with Bostic St Clair of Whispering in the Wind (2001)
In the 1996 after years of bitter dispute, Bandler who had split acrimoniously with Grinder and other NLP specialists over ownership of intellectual property rights went to the supreme court in the USA to resolve the issue surrounding the NLP trademark.
In Britain an NLP practitioner, Tony Clarkson, petitioned the High Court to revoke Bandler's UK registered trademark of NLP and to clarify whether NLP had become a generic term rather than Bandler's intellectual property. The High Court found in favour of Clarkson, stating that NLP was now in the public domain and had become a generic term.
In 2001, the lawsuits were finally settled with Bandler and Grinder formally agreeing to be known as co-founders of NLP.